Intrarticular Injection

In cases of pain in knee joints , there are several non-surgical procedures to treat them and avoid reaching an advanced stage that can make a replacement procedure a necessity. Thus, treatment of inflammation of the joints, rheumatoid arthritis and very occasionally osteoarthritis can be prescribed with intra-articular injections or simply joint injections.

These are intra-articular steroids or corticosteroids and Intra-articular Hyaluronic Acid Injections that are injected directly into the spacing of the joints in case of osteoarthritis.  The response is better if you have mild to moderate arthritis, but if it has been in an advanced condition than replacement is the only solution.

The spacing between the two bones is also known as the synovial cavity. Once plain radiography is done to ascertain the degree to damage done the doctor will tell you whether intra-articular injection is going to be useful for you or not .  The the anatomical landmarks are identified before inserting the injection needle.

It is given when the inflammation does not respond to oral painkillers. These intra-articular injections have been in process since the 1950s. In the case of non-inflammatory arthritis, such as osteoarthritis ,Intra-articular Hyaluronic Acid Injections might be occasionally prescribed.

There are, as usual, some potential risks associated with an improper or regular usage of intra-articular injections. One of them is damage to the joint due to repeated injections. Other adverse effects include local site infections as well as reactions. Now, if the patient is diabetic, then steroid might pose a problem because of the transient increase in the blood glucose level which is a byproduct of the hormones. It is often recommended to have a gap of at least three months between two shots. But, if the treatment is ineffective, there are other surgical procedures to rectify the knee joint that can be advised after a detailed analysis and diagnosis by an expert.

To sum up Intra-articular injections are routine OPD procedures, with good results in mild to moderate arthritis of knee joint.